Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Signal generators also know as function generator or test oscillator The WritePass Journal

Signal generators likewise know as capacity generator or test oscillator Theoretical Signal generators additionally know as capacity generator or test oscillator ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION ­SIGNAL GENERATOR (Outline and types)ARBITRARY WAVEFORM GENERATORFUNCTION SIGNAL GENERATORDESIGN OF SIGNAL GENERATORSOPERATING PRINCIPLES OF SIGNAL GENERATORFUNCTIONS AND APPLICATIONSVERIFICATIONCHARACTERIZATIONSTRESS AND MARGING TESTINGCONCLUSIONREFERENCESRelated Conceptual Signal generators likewise know as capacity generator or test oscillator, have come to be progressively well known and most utilized testing gadget for the architects particularly and furthermore for the clinical segment. Signal generator conveys a precise adjusted range. It gives a sign that can be balanced by the recurrence, yield voltage, impendence, waveform and balance. It has been in presence and they are utilized from various perspectives before time till present. An American designer Nikola Tesla has passed on power starting with one area then onto the next as sign and uses a similar recurrence. This report discusses the diagram of a sign generator, how they do work utilizing their applications and furthermore portray to us their working standards utilizing the direct advanced union DDS, their sorts and plans. The Next page gives you a concise presentation about the beginning of sign generator and how they are been utilized back then. Presentation Before the Initiation of this gadget called signal generator which is around 1906 to 1920 are respected to be the beginning of radio, the main path for testing of new mechanical assembly or electronic instrument was to utilize another comparative gadget to make the sign, which was the situation of new apparatuses and tweak group in radio. During that time, this essential technique for testing worked magnificently with least rate mistakes, however issue emerges when there is a situation whereby they may be various gadgets under test. To tackle this issue, there must be requirement for such huge numbers of reference gadgets. One radio’s was picked which was utilized as a presentation boundary and was estimated which was currently utilized as the norm or â€Å"golden radio† as it has been called. Regardless of whether they are costly,  a ordinary change in their working highlights either during a brief timeframe because of heating up or during quite a while as an impact of proceeded with use, and thus their will be decrease in their precision. The requirement for signal generator that can adequately used to test gadgets as the field of architects must be to decrease this stream. Be that as it may, we will clarify the gadget â€Å"signal generator† in this report and furthermore we will examine about the working standards, and furthermore the things I have as of now notice in the theoretical region. In this next page, we will be taking a gander at the outline of this gadget signal generator.  ­SIGNAL GENERATOR (Outline and types) A sign generator likewise called a capacity generator or a book signal generator is an electronic gadget intended to play out an assortment of activities which incorporates band pass channel attributes, the reaction of enhancers to recurrence or shortcoming following in numerous electronic gear and circuits. â€Å"Signal generator is an apparatus generally utilized in fields, for example, modern electronic instrumentation, medication, creation, correspondence and research†, (Alloca and Stuart, 1983). A sign generator is the boost source that sets with an obtaining instrument to make the two components of a total estimation arrangement. In its different arrangements, signal generator can give improvement flags as simple waveforms, computerized information designs, tweak, clamor and it might include known, repeatable sum and kinds of mistake (twisting) to the sign it conveys. Signal generator can create the most sorts of waveforms or sign which are square waves, sine waves and triangular waves over a wide scope of recurrence. Coombs, (1972) pronounces that the recurrence scope of a sign generator perhaps under 1Hzto at any rate 1MHz. Some other sort of sign generators, can deliver heartbeat, trapezoid and slope waveforms including the ones notice above. In this way, there are numerous kinds of sign generator intended to an assortment of employments which has a lot of conceivable application implying that one specific sort of sign generator may not be reasonable for all reasons. Here are the two principle sort of sign generator Self-assertive waveform generator Capacity signal generator The following is an image case of a common capacity generator: Self-assertive WAVEFORM GENERATOR Self-assertive waveform generators (AWG) are confused playback framework that conveys waveforms dependent on put away advanced information that depicts the normally changing voltage levels of an AC signal. The subjective waveform generator can deliver any sort of waveform you can consider. You can utilize numerous techniques to make the required yield (from numerical formulae to drawing the waveform). Capacity SIGNAL GENERATOR Capacity generators are progressively straightforward contrast with subjective waveform generator. They create straightforward sign in wave structure and this signs are been produce by a circuit which makes the rehashing wave which is generally a sine wave. They are regularly use in procedure of planning or fix simples hardware. Plan OF SIGNAL GENERATORS Before the cutting edge waveform generators were started, simple was the method of activity. In certain enterprises, simple alludes both to the circuit strategy used to create signals and to the sign themselves. Usefulness, financial achievable, and sorts of waveform required have truly change the structure of sign generator in time of times, despite the fact that the conventional simple sign generators despite everything exist till date. The simple is a way to speak to a material measure, for example a marker on a current meter (controller), by an amount whose estimation is known. Such estimations, don't generally give the exact aftereffect of a specific instrument or gadget under test, as they are inclined to having floats in their working parts. Most present day signal generators depend on the advanced advances, for example, the cutting edge work generators which utilizes an innovation known as Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS) which can give a wide scope of sign or waveform. The DDS gadget are increasingly similar to produce simple signs by means of making an advanced yield signal that is ceaselessly beat by a clock signal and finally making an interpretation of the computerized sign to shape a simple sign. The following is the trial chart of this procedure. The Method above, delineate that the information is provided into the 8bit counter which assess the contribution with a simple, (Q5 to Q0). The coordinating simple currently is been confirmed with a previously put away location which is the ROM (Read Only Memory) 256 x 8. As the counter cycles through the 256 distinct locations, which the ROM has for every simple, the ROM counter currently selects an advanced worth relating to that address which successively speaks to the information. This data is then handled and yields the 256 information focuses to the DAC (Digital to Analog Converter) which is the 8bit converter. The simple sign acquire is then appeared as a waveform. A case of a generator that utilizes this strategy delineated above is the 20MHz range work generator from BK Precision (model 4040DDS) picture is demonstrated as follows. As indicated by BK Precision (2010), this compass generator is a full included DDS generator, the unit produce great quality waveforms with a high sign accuracy and soundness and it gives sine and square wave yields over the recurrence go from 0.1Hz to 20 MHz in one broadened extend. The greater part of the DDS generator today are devoted instrument, basic and agreeable, and are requiring little to no effort from a couple several dollars to many thousand of dollars. In the following area, we are going to take a gander at how this gadget works. Working PRINCIPLES OF SIGNAL GENERATOR In this 21st century, the greater part of the advanced capacity generators utilize Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS) innovation to create yield wave structures. BK Precision clear capacity generator (model 4040DDS) happens to be among one of this generators. This area depicts how DDS innovation functions. There are two basic thoughts of DDS innovation which incorporates: Creating a subjective waveform that can be in different waveforms or not allocated a specific incentive from an intermittent incline signals. Creating an advanced incline. To start with, consider creating wave work that can be in different waveforms or not relegated a specific incentive from an occasional incline signal. To make this clarification increasingly basic and reasonable, envision the slope time frame (t) is more prominent than or equivalent to 0s (t ≠¥ 0), at that point lets call the common incline work R(t) as appeared in the outline underneath. This incline work R(t) as appeared in figure 1 varies straightly or sway somewhere in the range of 0 and 1 with period T. Presently, assume their is another capacity F(t) that is characterized on the stretch 0≠¤ t ≠¥1, in numerical phrasing, the area of the capacity which is the qualities doled out to the free factors of F(t) is the half-shut span. Envision to develop another wave capacity of period T which is like R(t) with the state of F(t) and accepting again that the period is 4s utilizing the outline appeared in figure 4, we will see that as the time increments from t0 to t4, which is equivalent to one period, there is a grouping which suggests that their will be a progressive ascent in the capacity until t4, subsequently computing the relating estimation of each time and evacuating its number piece. For example, tn=â †. The count for t0 to t8 is appeared in the table underneath utilizing the figure 4 outline. The outline shows that there is an ascent in the time esteem, as in when one period is reach, it will begin once more until another period is reached. This is the means by which it works persistently for the characterized time span. This implies it resets

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Threatening Forces Free Essays

Undermining powers are wherever we look throughout everyday life. Nearly anything could be viewed as a danger in today s society. The sonnet by James Joyce, I hear an Army Charging Upon the Land, contains proof of an undermining power. We will compose a custom article test on Undermining Forces or on the other hand any comparative subject just for you Request Now The undermining power in this sonnet is underground rock kids at an underground rock appear. Undermining powers are exceptionally obvious in this sonnet. A prime case of one is the point at which he says Arrogant, in dark covering. He is discussing kids in calfskin coats. It is there method of demonstrating they are punk and it looks undermining. Seeing individuals in calfskin coats is unnerving, particularly when society has prepared us to imagine that dark is an indication of. We have been prepared to believe that anything that stands apart is terrifying and individuals in dark calfskin coats stand out in contrast to everything else. Clearly, when James Joyce says in dark protective layer, it is a compromising power of underground rock. Underground rock is a firm subject of this sonnet should be threatening. This is built up when it says, Clanging, Clanging upon the heart as upon an iron block. This is stating how he feels that the chains that the children wear are startling. He feels that the sound of their chains dangling together is scaring. At the point when individuals who wear chains run the frequently make a noisy clamor and on the off chance that you wear mutiple, which the vast majority do, it makes a very boisterous commotion which can be discouraging. Plainly, the sound of the chains thumping together is a compromising sound. The individuals who tune in to underground rock music are a reoccurring topic of hazard. The undermining power of underground rock is unrestrained when James Joyce says; They come out of the ocean and show yelling to the shore. This is discussing them after a show and how they are rambunctious. Them coming out of the ocean is the point at which they come out of the mosh pit, out of the ocean of individuals. After this they are frequently rambunctious with the little vitality they have left finished. They are talking boisterously in light of the fact that their hearing was simply impacted by the noisy music. Individuals who are in a great state of mind and acting somewhat unruly are frequently appeared to be perilous particularly in the event that they are hollering. Clearly, punks after a show are viewed as an undermining power to society. The sonnet, I Hear an Army Charging Upon the Land, is about the danger that underground rock as far as anyone knows puts on our general public. Society is tied to its conviction that anything diverse is undermining. Despite the fact that a large portion of these individuals are not in any way shape or form frightening. It is difficult to accept that, when the pioneers of society, similar to the police, are continually accusing the issue of for these sorts of individuals. Is underground rock actually a compromising power in the public arena or only a way that we have been programmed to fear change and distinction? Instructions to refer to Threatening Forces, Essay models

Friday, August 7, 2020

Should I Major in Psychology

Should I Major in Psychology Student Resources Print Should I Major in Psychology? Is Psychology the Right Choice for You? By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on August 16, 2019 David Schaffer / Getty Images More in Student Resources APA Style and Writing Study Guides and Tips Careers Psychology can be a great choice for many students, but there are a number of questions you should ask yourself before committing to earning a psychology degree. Not sure if psychology is the right choice for you? Take this quick quiz to help determine if you should major in psychology. 1. Do You Enjoy Taking Psychology Classes? YesNo This first one seems fairly obvious, but the first thing you need to consider is whether or not psychology is something you really love. As a psychology major, you will be taking a wide range of classes covering many different subjects including personality, development, research methods, and cognition. If the answer is a resounding yes, then majoring in psychology is definitely something you should consider. If you cannot answer yes to this question, then it might be time to start exploring some alternative subjects that might spark your interest more. 2. Do You Enjoy Helping People? YesNo Part of the reason that many people are drawn to psychology is the helping nature of the profession. While there are many different fields of psychology and not all of them deal directly with mental health, one of the major goals of psychology is to solve real-world problems and help people lead better lives. There are a number of growing psychology fields such as industrial-organizational psychology and engineering psychology that do not center directly on helping individuals, but clinical psychology remains the single largest subfield within psychology. If you do enjoy helping other people and assisting those who are dealing with psychology and emotional difficulties sounds like a rewarding career, then psychology might be right up your alley. If you really dislike the idea of working directly with people, you should certainly consider some other options before committing to a psychology major program. 3. Are You Planning to Go to Graduate School? YesNo While there are opportunities for those with a bachelors degree in psychology, they are far more limited. Those who go on to graduate school enjoy more career options, increased job demand, and higher pay. If you think that graduate school is something that you would like to pursue, then earning a psychology degree might be a great option for you. If you know for a fact that you do not want to earn a graduate degree, then you might be better off looking at degree options that provide more work opportunities at the bachelors level. 4. Are You Good At Coping With Stress? YesNo   Psychology professions, particularly those in the mental health field, can be challenging, stressful, and emotionally draining at times. 5. Do You Enjoy Working With Other People YesNo   Psychologists work with a range of people. This might include clients suffering from mental illness, family members of clients, and other people who make up the mental health treatment team including physicians, psychiatrists, social workers, and other psychologists. 6. Have You Considered Different Career Options Within Psychology? YesNo There are tons of career options within psychology. While students often spend a lot of time learning about psychology, they sometimes neglect to research the many different career paths that are available. Mental health professions such as clinical psychologists, counselors, and social workers are some of the more obvious choices, but there are also a lot of alternatives to think about ranging from forensic psychology to health psychology. Spend some time researching some of the many different psychology careers out there in order to determine what might interest you the most. 7. Do You Enjoy Research, Experiments, and Statistics? YesNo Psychology majors dont just study how people think and behave â€" they also take a lot of classes in experimental methods and statistics. Even if you do not plan on working in a research-oriented career, it is important to gain a solid understanding of how statistics are used in psychology, how to conduct psychology research, and how to interpret the results of research studies. Your undergraduate psychology coursework will likely include several different classes focusing on statistics and research design. If this sounds like something you would enjoy, then psychology is probably a great choice for you. If, on the other hand, you really do not want to learn more about these topics, then it might be best to consider some other degree options. 8. Do You Enjoy Solving challenging Problems? YesNo Psychology professions can be rewarding and challenging. For example, those who work in mental health often have to deal with difficult situations involving clients, while those who work in other applied fields have to use their knowledge of psychology to develop real-world solutions to problems. Scoring Your Results Mostly Yess: Congratulations, majoring in psychology is probably an excellent choice for you! You most likely have a passion for the subject, you are thinking about graduate school, and are already exploring some of the many different career options that are out there. Just remember, you might have decided on a major but that doesnt mean that the research and decision-making process is over. As you progress further in school, you still need to figure out what your plans are after graduation, what kinds of psychology classes you need to take now, and how to gain further experience in your desired specialty area. 10 Psychology Courses Psych Majors Take Mostly Nos: Unfortunately, it looks like psychology might not be the best major for you. This doesnt mean that you should rule it out completely, but you might want to visit an academic advisor and spend some time considering other academic options. Related fields that might appeal to you include science-oriented careers such as biology or chemistry, health professions such as nursing or public health, and social science fields such as sociology and political science. A Word From Verywell Still not sure if psychology is the best choice for you? Then be sure to explore our wide range of resources below. You will find even more information on some of the questions you should ask yourself before you decide on a psychology major as well as a few of the great reasons to earn a psychology degree.   Start by considering some of the factors you should thinking about before you decide to major in psychology. You can also explore options for college minors that work well with psychology. It can also be helpful to consider some of the great reasons why people to choose to earn a psychology degree in the first place. Finally, consider taking our brief psychology career quiz in order to get a better idea of which career might be the best fit for you. 10 Great Reasons to Earn a Psychology Degree

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Romanticism in The Marriage of Heaven and Hell by William...

Romanticism in William Blakes Poem William Blake was a poet, painter, and a printmaker all during the period in literature known as the Romantic time period. The Romantic time period, also known in Literature as Romanticism began in Europe, mainly France and Britain around the 1800s (Barker) and it was first defined as a tool to in literature and literary criticisms (Galitz). The Romantic period did not just focus on literature, but also on the subjects of art and knowledge which was fueled by the French Revolution and was also a reaction to the scientific rationalism and classicism of the Age of Enlightenment (Foundations of Romanticism). Romanticism emerged also as a response to the disillusionment with the Enlightenment values†¦show more content†¦The theme of imagination was a critical authority in the Romantic time period as well (Characteristics of Romanticism). William Blake uses aspects of Romanticism in his poem The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, by including themes s uch as the supernatural, love of nature, and lastly, imagination. In the poem The Marriage of Heaven and Hell by William Blake, one of his most prominent and obvious themes of Romanticism is that of the supernatural. The word supernatural means attributed to some force beyond scientific understanding of the laws of nature (Merriam-Webster). The Marriage of Heaven and Hell was Blakes way of taking his emotions and painting us a picture but in a way that was made up, or imaginative. (Cuddon, Morner and Rausch). In Blakes poem The Marriage of Heaven and Hell there are examples of the supernatural theme present because of how he is comparing and contrasting both heaven and hell. Blake makes the Devil and evil seem very real in a very gothic and gory way, but he also does not fail to mention the importance of good in relation to God, also Blake mentions Angels in his poem too. Throughout the poem, there is a never-ending battle between dualism because Blake says that without good or evil , we are nothing. (Reflections on Great Literature). Having to do with the good and the bad, Romantics believed that humans were already naturally good (Characteristics of Romanticism). Blake assures that withoutShow MoreRelatedThe Marriage of Heaven and Hell Essay922 Words   |  4 PagesThe Marriage of Heaven Hell William Blake The Romantic Period We, as members of the human race, have been endowed with five senses. We have the ability to reason and to be reasonable. We are able to present, receive, and mentally process information logically. The period in history when the importance of these innate functions was stressed is known as the Age of Reason, or the Enlightenment. Also important to this age was the use of science, scientific methods, and theories. This periodRead MoreRomanticism1649 Words   |  7 PagesRomanticism in the Nineteenth Century The Romantic period followed the era of logical, philosophical, and social movement in the 17th to 18th century. However, as the 19th century began, Romanticism came into the light with a new perspective that intrigued the people. It stressed emphasis on emotions and imagination while also helping to realize the importance of self-expression. The American Romanticism movement illustrated inspiration, bias and predominance of individuals in the nineteenth centuryRead MoreWilliam Blake, the Most Romantic of Them All Essay474 Words   |  2 PagesTo truly understand William Blake, there must be at least moderate explanation of the time in which he wrote. Blake was a literary figure at the turn of the 18th century, a very early Romantic, but most defiantly a Romantic. 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William Blake, I believe, was a visionary with moreRead MoreThe Romantic Imagination in Action3457 Words   |  14 Pagesraised such interest, and theory in the understanding of the imagination. As stated earlier, the concept of imagination has been a topic of discussion, throughout history and has certainly had a distinctive and pivotal place among the Romantics. Romanticism which originated in Western Europe during the 18th and early 19th centuries, was an intellectual movement which followed the Enlightenment. This period emphasized the self, creativity, imagination and the value of art. It was a movement that stronglyRead MoreEssay on Common Issues in Romanticism1475 Words   |  6 PagesThe key figures in Romanticism addressed many of the same issues. Such connectivity is marked in William Blake’s poems â€Å"Infant Sorrow† and â€Å"On Another’s Sorrow†, and Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. Shelley, like Blake, argues for continual development of innocence to experience, and through the character of Victor Frankenstein’s creation, Mary Shelley suggests the equilibrium of innocence and experience offers insight into the human condition. The shift is distinguished by what Blake states in plate 3Read MoreWhat Are the Salient Features of Blake’s Poetry?843 Words   |  4 PagesWhat are the sali ent features of Blake’s poetry? Of all the romantic poets of the eighteenth century, William Blake (1757-1827) is the most independent and the most original. In his earliest work, written when he was scarcely more than a child, he seems to go back to the Elizabethan song writers for his models; but for the greater part of his life he was the poet of inspiration alone, following no man’s lead, and obeying no voice but that which he heard in his own mystic soul. Though the mostRead MoreLiterature : Demonstrating Individual, Ideologies, While Challenging The Dominant Ideology2168 Words   |  9 Pagesof the forms. Luckily, Eagleton tells us that â€Å"most typically in Romanticism, the spiritual absorbs the sensual, content over form,† so the period of Romanticism can provide great examples for this Marxist discussion (Eagleton 10). The Romanticists, William Blake and William Wordsworth are rather adequate representatives, for the former looks forward to a bright future with an irregular form of speech in The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, whereas the later nostalgically seeks for â€Å"spots of time† in theRead MoreEssay about The Representation of the Female in William Blake1921 Words   |  8 PagesRepresentation of the Female in William Blake If William Blake was, as Northrop Frye described him in his prominent book Fearful Symmetry, a mystic enraptured with incommunicable visions, standing apart, a lonely and isolated figure, out of touch with his own age and without influence on the following one (3), time has proved to be the visionarys most celebrated ally, making him one of the most frequently written about poets of the English language. William Blake has become, in a sense,Read MoreAmerican War Of Independence And The French Revolution Essay1755 Words   |  8 Pages Romanticism as a movement is as rebellious as its content. Lynch and Stillinger attempt to define it historically rather than continuously, naming it the â€Å"shortest †¦ period in British literary history† (3). They place it within the timespan of 1785 to 1832, beginning between the American War of Independence and the French Revolution and ending with the passage of the Reform Act in British Parliament. In this time of reflection and change, authors re-examined the previously discarded medieval romances

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

A Research Lab On The Workplace - 1617 Words

In the workplace, many people will come into contact with clients, colleagues, supervisors, managers, and even board members. These individuals each play a crucial role in order for an organization to succeed. Therefore, it is vital that this large network of people is able to work well together in teams and groups. However, there will be complications and problems when working in groups. A common problem that typically arises in the workplace is the perceived lack of commitment and motivation, resulting in the lack of productivity when conducting group work. From my personal experience, I used to work for a research lab that required to me to work on several experiments and projects with a group of colleagues. My group was responsible for conducting multiple experiments, analyzing the data and publishing results in scientific journals and presentations. However, the group I was placed in lacked leadership with low person orientation and low task orientation. Because there was a lack of leadership, communication was little to nonexistent within the group so groups felt as if they were just independent work alone. Also, there was lack of affective and continuance commitment within the group since my colleagues and I lost purpose of what goals we were working towards in the lab. Therefore, lack of motivation and commitment was prevalent as group members, including myself, did not complete experiments in time and did not have much of a focus of why we were in the research labShow MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Occupational Health And Safety At The Workplace1384 Words   |  6 Pagesassuring the safety and welfare of their employees. The purpose of my research paper is to emphasize on the importance of Occupational Health and Safety at the workplace. About 4/5th of the employed workforce considers health and safety as the number one priority related to their job when compared to wages, sick leaves and other benefits. I will use my internship experience at Halliburton this past summer to lay the foundation of my research paper. Halliburton, being an oilfield services company, has tremendousRead MoreSummary Of Smart Textile Applications Within The Medical Field1182 Words   |  5 Pages Smart Textile Applications within the Medical Field Keanna Rutledge Delaware State University Research has proven that the clothes one wears can affect the person’s mental and physical performance (Michalak KruciÅ„ska, 2017). Moreover, it is posited that there is something biological that happens when one puts on a snazzy outfit and feel like he or she is a new person. The act of wearing formal business attire is proven to increase the abstract thinking of an individual. BesidesRead MoreEmployee Drug Testing: Fair and Effective Essay1648 Words   |  7 PagesAmerica, billions of taxpayer dollars are spent to pay for the unnecessary expenses caused by drug-impaired employees. Workers whose performances are negatively altered by drug use contribute to losses in business productivity and assist in lowering workplace safety. On average, according to the Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA), $100 billion is lost per year due to accidents, decreases in productivity, and other related expenses caused by incompetent, drug abusing employees (â€Å"Coaliti ons†)Read MoreRisk and Benefits Assessment1411 Words   |  6 Pagesvariety of techniques intended to reduce the cost of providing health benefits and improve the quality of care. The clinical research market is a very vast and ever changing market. There are continuous evolutions taking place and there are always new products coming into market everyday. Though it takes many years for a drug to come into market there is a continuous research going on. There are advancements taking place continuously in this industry, which is not possible without the main playersRead MoreThe Psychological Effects Of Clothing Has On An Individual1610 Words   |  7 Pagescontrol our success rate in life and in the workforce. A person that is dressed professional in our society is viewed as a prominent member of our society. This same person is taken seriously in his or her profession when dress appropriately. My research project will go into depth discussing the psychological effects clothing has on an individual from establishing boundaries in the workforce, enhancing cognitive skill, and influencing personal identity. Business attire in the workforce builds aRead MoreMotivation Research : Curiosity And Career Related962 Words   |  4 PagesPaper 1 My motivation to do research is both curiosity and career related. I like the idea of living life by asking questions and figuring out why things work the way they do. I feel like it is more beneficial to me to ask clarifying and probing questions; to be content with the state of a problem is to stop looking for more. In a career setting, I recognize the importance of research to a psychology graduate program. Graduate school is centered around a large-scale research project. The ability to effectivelyRead MoreScience As A Nano Scientist1427 Words   |  6 Pagesdescribed as a convergence of physics, chemistry, materials science and biology, which deals with the manipulation and characterization of matter on length scales between the molecular and the micron-size. Nano scientists are expected to perform research related to formations at the atomic and subatomic levels. In addition, they must have excellent hand eye coordination as well as persistence and patience. Above all, the rea der must first decide if this seems like a career for them. CoincidentallyRead MoreThe Psychological Effects Of Clothing Has On An Individual1614 Words   |  7 Pagescontrol our success rate in life and in the workforce. A person that is dressed professionally in our society is viewed as a prominent member of our society. This same person is taken seriously in his or her profession when dress appropriately. My research project will go into depth discussing the psychological effects clothing has on an individual from establishing boundaries in the workforce, enhancing cognitive skill, and influencing personal identity. Business attire in the workforce builds aRead MoreThe Effects Of Occupational Safety And Dictate Human Performance Within A Work Environment1246 Words   |  5 Pagespush for more, the curiosity for research that tremors off my bones, and the substantial amount of research experience that I have acquired thus far, will give me the appropriate qualifications to flourish through graduate school and become a top Ph.D. level researcher. One of the best decisions I made was applying for the Undergraduate Research Assistant Program at Old Dominion University. As a Research Assistant in Dr. Xiaoxiao Hu’s Affect and Relational Dynamics Lab, I enriched myself with continuouslyRead MoreSexism As A Scientist Or Engineer886 Words   |  4 Pagesthe lab. In the past of my experiences with my brother, I went to visit his college called California State University, Fresno or Fresno State for short. I used my experience in this essay because it is related to my job position and the case that I will explain henceforth in this essay. I entered Fresno State to explore several buildings on campus. The first building I went into is College of Science and Mathematics. As you see, I love to learn about microorganisms, so I went to see the lab. As

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Free Essays

Thomas Paine is one of the important founding fathers of America who with his powerful language won over the hearts of the Americans. Thus he united America to rebel against the greatest super power in the world at the time – England. Thomas Paine came to America from Britain at just the right time because he would see the condition of America and with the power of his words he would subdue the public in believing in his cause. We will write a custom essay sample on Thomas Paine’s Common Sense or any similar topic only for you Order Now He used propaganda to make the people see the horrors England was opposing on the Americans.He tamed the public into believing him with one of the most famous work of the Age of Reason era Common Sense. People were won to the necessity for common sense that argued for separation. The realization that this was necessary to improve the life of the lower class. Thomas Paine, when he called for separation said â€Å" Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, ’tis time to part†( Paine, Common Sense). In pennsylvania the common people seized control of the government, while greatly increasing their strength in the assemblies.These assemblies began telling their delegates in Congress to declare independence. Paine was a Deist who believed in God as a benevolent Creator who allowed the universe to operate by natural law. Paine argued that the New World was discovered shortly before the Reformation and the Puritans had believed that God wanted to give them a safe haven from the religious persecution they faced in Britain. Deism was not popular until the Revolution when Paine said it was natural to throw off the rule of King George III, and declare their independence.Paine appeals to the public with his vast knowledge in Common Sense. In his pamphlet he emphasizes many points. First, Paine felt is was wrong for an island to rule a continent. He said America was not a â€Å"British nation† as it was composed of influences and peoples from all of Europe. Paine was a master mind who knew how to pull the strings when he says, Even if Britain was the â€Å"mother country† of America, Paine thought that made the actions of the British government against the colonists all the more wrong as no mother would harm her children in the way Britain was harming America.He made the Americans emotional because the were tired of getting taxed heavily from Britain. He said Britain ruled the colonies for its own benefit, and did not consider the best interests of the colonists. This was because the taxes were increasing without the consent of America and the public was fed up with it. Thomas Paine was so well received in America was because not only did he talk but he also proved it by his actions. Paine joined the revolutionary forces convinced that â€Å" those who expect to reap the blessings of freedom must†¦ undergo the fatigue of supporting it† ( Paine 67).He would rally the troops and George Washington even had some of his quotes read to all the soldiers. One of his most famous quotes was â€Å"These are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country, but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny†¦ is not easily conquered, yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. † ( Paine, The crises).This shows People that fight our wars over the years have suffered during battle and then suffer it over and over again throughout their lives. The longer you are in battle the more difficult it becomes to fight. That is why now they rotate troops so that one person isn’t in the thick of it for a very long time. A summer soldier would be a person that has fought but for a short time(a summertime) and is ready to quit and a sunshine patriot is a person that is patriotic only when times are good(the sunshine is out).Paine says these are times that try men’s souls. So it is a very hard time and he says that those that stay and fight deserves the thanks of every person they are fighting for. Paine says tyranny is not easily conquered so they fight the good fight to rid the colonists from the tyranny of England. And the consolation or comfort one should get from the how hard the conflict is that the harder it is the better the victory will be. . . freedom will be glorious. Paine was a liberal and believed that the government which governs less is the best form of government.Paine summarized in common sense that the distance between the two nations made governing the colonies from London unworkable. Paine observed that if some wrong were to be petitioned in Parliament, it would take a year before the colonies received a response. This would not work and America would need to set up its own government to earn itself an identity. Paine believed in a government who would interfere as less as possible and let nature run its course. All in all the Pamphlet written by Paine had an enormous impact on entire America. The things he stated in his pamphlet were reasonable and that got thorough the people.It made people become conscious that America has to be free from the shackles of British Empire and gain respect around the world—an identity of it’s own. Paine gives the text an emotional tone alongside numerous logical reasons and narrations the people of America would never forget. The best part of the text was the use of familiar language comprehended by everyone, which helped his work spread around the colonies far away. The straightforward style and tone used by Paine made his pamphlet one of the finest written pamphlets in the world. It is justified in being named â€Å"Common Sense†. How to cite Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Case Study †Starbucks - Business Improvement Portfolio

Question: Describe about business improvement portfolio - a case of starbucks? Answer: Introduction Starbucks Coffee is the leading American beverage supplier originally based in Seattle, USA. It is ranked as the largest coffee supplier specializing in supplying fine quality coffee in an economically sustainable environment. Starbucks dominates the industry with a market share of around 36.7% followed by Dunkin Brands Inc with around 24.6% market share and 38.7% occupied by other brands together like Costa Coffee, Tim Hortons and McDonalds. According to Biviji (2010) a particular organization adopts business improvement initiatives in order to increase the productivity in a cost effective manner. According to the British Quality Foundation, the most effective approaches that the organizations adopt are Lean six- sigma, business process reengineering and Benchmarking. From 2001 to 2008, Starbucks experienced a slowdown in the sales rate, a decline in the customer loyalty levels and customer footfalls and problems related to overstocking of products. To improve the conditions, to manage inventory costs and to devise customer-focused strategies, Starbucks decided to adopt lean six-sigma model within their working procedure. The management at Starbucks focused on the fact that use of lean six-sigma will effectively help Starbucks to create a customer service consistency and help increasing the brand value of the products (Kalnins and Stroock, 2011). Theory analysis According to Caudwell (2011) Lean six-sigma is a collaborative model used by the organizations to improve performance by removal of unnecessary human wastes, reduce unnecessary time limits and control the resources flow. Augusto Cauchick Miguel and Marcos Andrietta (2010) suggested that adoption of lean technologies enables the organization in creation of high quality, defect free, and value added and cost effective products. Lean techniques are generally used by the automotive industries like Toyota for production of 100% error free products. The concept of Sis Sigma was developed by Motorola in 1986 to structure a highly disciplined program that will effectively deliver a perfect product. The six-sigma process is based on the following principles Continuous focus on the critical and quality requirements of Customers and stakeholders Understanding of the process requirements that will be able to deliver critical and quality requirements to the customers Extensive use of facts and statistical data to understand the problems Developing a flexible and detailed process Focus on continuous improvement of the process in a systematic way Figure1: Lean Six-sigma Process (Source: Zhang, 2011, pp105) The method is adopted by around 600 organizations all around the world. Brati (2011) suggested that following are the major benefits that provoke the organizations to adopt lean six- sigma. Reduction of defects: The use of lean six-sigma approach has helped the organizations to produce defect free products. For instance, Motorola in its six-sigma initiative have successfully reduced production defects by over 300 fold that has helped the company to save up to $11 billion as manufacturing costs (Clarkson and Eckert, 2005). Reduction of process time: Lean six-sigma aims to manage the time wastage in the production process for successfully reducing the lead-time. For instance, LG electronics a UK based company used lean six-sigma process in effectively reducing the lead-time from initial 56 days to 41 days. Further, the company improved the inventory control process by reducing inbound led time from 8 to 5 days. This helped LG to save interest charges and freights charges (Antony, 2007). Effective employee development: The process involves the employees in the improvement process that makes the employees responsible and accountable thereby building a sense of trust and transparency within the organization. With the help of six-sigma approach the project managers at Microsoft were able to attain six-sigma green belt certification which stated that the mangers at Microsoft were ready to face any challenging situation (Adebanjo, and Mann, 2008). Reduction in costs: Hu and Tian (2011) opined that reduction of lead time and reduction of waste in respect of human labor and production materials contributes to the cost savings of the organizations. The following table shows the annual savings that different companies have been able to make by using lean six-sigma. Name of the company Annual savings (approximate figures) General electric $ 2 billion JP Morgan Chase $ 1.5 billion Honeywell $ 650 million Texas Instruments $ 590 million Johnson and Johnson $ 500 million Improvement in customer value: The use of lean six-sigma by the automotive industries have helped the companies like Toyota, General Motors etc to successfully produce vehicles in accordance to the critical requirements of the customers, reduction of manufacturing defects at each stage of production and improving the safety factors within the finished vehicles (Krajewski, Ritzman and Malhotra, 2010). However apart from the following benefits, the process also encounters certain controversies that may contribute to the negative aspects of the process. Difficulty in implementation: Chua and Banerjee (2013) suggested that the mere concept of application of six-sigma in controlling all departments within an organization is a complex process hence large organizations like Tesco find it difficult to effectively manage all the divisions with the help of six-sigma strategies. Home Depot, a retail company, noticed negative atmosphere affecting the employee morale and customer sentiment due to stringent application of six-sigma in all departments. Although the implementation made the company profitable, however the company noticed reduction in the stock price (Basu, 2004). Financial constraint: The organization implementing six-sigma requires employees who are effectively trained from certified six sigma institutes. Hence, small or medium sized organizations are incapable of implementing six -sigma due to high employee cost. Not suitable for all companies: The application of lean six-sigma should be made based on the type of industry in which the company is operating. A drastic failure was noticed in 3M after the introduction of lean six-sigma (Dahm, 2011). Before the introduction of the process, the employees at 3M were given the opportunity to use 15% of the total working hour as personal research hours. This strategy was adopted to allow generation of innovative ideas among the employees that contributed in the productivity of the company. However, the introduction of rigid total quality management process created a stiff situation that restricted the growth of creative ideas within the organization (Vemic- Djurkovic and Maric, 2010). Case application Initial investments of Starbucks concerned investment in store infrastructure and launching of new products. According to Forbes analysis these investments and fast shop openings contributed to the superficial growth of Starbucks. The company however did not pay attention to the customer initiatives and maintenance of inventory and operating costs. Following are the major issues that the management at Starbucks required to solve in order to gain back the loyalty and save costs (Lagrosen, Chebl and Rios Tuesta, 2011). Improvements in employee productivity: Part time working students are the major employees of Starbucks so it becomes difficult for the company to provide quality services. Thus, Starbucks requires providing training tools for the increment in the productivity of the employees. Improvements in products and stores: Starbucks also need to improve their product line by introducing significant products that will match the critical demands of the customers. Moreover, the company needs to improve the store design so that the customers are more attracted and devise strategies for enhancements of Starbucks experience (George, 2010). Development of customer focused initiatives: The Company to increase the customer footfall needs to employ customer-focused initiatives like introduction of Starbucks loyalty card. Regenerating the brand value : The Company will have to restore the brand value by regaining the emotions of the customers concerning the brand (Cole, 2008). Considering the above issues that Starbucks need to resolve it can be suggested that adoption of lean will be effective. Use of lean will improve the productivity by providing better training tools to the inexperienced employees of Starbucks. The use of the Queuing theory approach within the store will help Starbucks to improve the store design and customer flow. The use of six-sigma approach will help Starbucks to reduce the lead time on the production of coffee and this will help Starbucks to spend more time in connecting with customers. Hence, the usage of the lean six sigma will help Starbucks to effectively reduce the defects rates and also eliminate the waste from the manufacturing process (Furst, 2010). The lean six- sigma process is implemented using five stages namely defining the process that needs to be improved, measure the current process performance, analyze the data ascertained from the measurement, improve the errors within the process and determine control methods in order to improve the process (Antony and Banuelas, 2002). Application of lean six-sigma in Starbucks Starbucks prices products that are costlier than other coffee brands however; the customer loyalty of Starbucks is a result of the high customer satisfaction and pleasurable experience that Starbucks offers (Marksberry, 2011). Define In this phase, the management at Starbucks will define the major issue that needs to be addressed. Here the major issue of Starbucks is to maintain a consistency in the customer experience. With the help of voice of the customer and critical to quality tools, the following elements of customer satisfaction may be identified. Voice of the customer Critical to quality High coffee quality Fast table service Friendly and congenial environment Variety of coffee flavors Avoidance of store smell Avoidance of kitchen noise Soothing store interior colors Comfortable seating arrangements with corner shacks Measure The main objective of this stage in lean six-sigma is to set guidelines for the improvement of the production process. In Starbucks, the measurable factor is customer experience and the organization needs to set guidelines for improvement of the customer experience. Following are the measures that should be taken by the organization (Snee, 2010). Line queuing: The cost of waiting in a line is reduced with the help of effective line queuing methods (Dumitru, 2011). There are four types of waiting line models and Starbucks uses the multi line method for fast and reliable service and thereby can reduce the waiting time of the customer and increase the customer experience. Starbucks has increased the customer ordering process with the help of queuing method. Figure 2 : Proposed Customer ordering process in Starbucks (Source: Tata and Jones, 2011, pp-92) Product quality: The various measurable factors of product quality of Starbucks are namely the product temperature, freshness and consistency in the taste and quality. In case of hot and cold coffee Starbucks can effectively use lean six-sigma to set the temperature level to acceptable upper and lower limits as determined by the Health and Safety regulations in order to provide satisfying customer experience (Martinez and Gitlow, 2011). The product freshness of the coffee and the other food products of Starbucks should be measured by a focus group survey. The freshness of a product depends on the storage life of the product. Starbucks uses an aseptic bottling process where they sanitize the bottle and frees from bacteria so that the coffee products can be stored for a longer period along with taste, smell, texture and flavor. The use of this bottling process has helped Starbucks in gaining customer satisfaction and increase the carry to home service. For maintaining product consistency Starbucks has to maintain coffee texture, consistent preparation method for coffee, coffee flavor mixture, serving temperature and coffee presentation. Shop atmosphere: Comfortable and creative shop atmosphere will also contribute to increase the customer experience in Starbucks. Lena six-sigma identifies the major desirable atmospheric factors namely soothing interior colors, Dim lighting, corner seats, kiosks, room temperature air conditioners and light music. With the help of customer psychological studies and focus group interviews Starbucks will be able to ascertain the factors that needs to be improved to improve the customer experience (Nicoletti, 2013). The psychological study conducted by Starbucks has revealed that adoption of green color in the logo of the company generates a positive sign in the customer experience. The customers perceive the sign as environmental sustainability and the color revive them of stress. Analysis The main purpose of this stage is to determine the major causes of the problems and eliminate the causes to improve the process. By using the lean six-sigma, Starbucks tried to determine the standard product quality elements and standard atmospheric elements that needs to be improved in order to improve the customer experience. Product quality factors Atmosphere quality factors 20 minutes time duration in order line queuing resulting in high waiting time and wastage of time in line queuing 50 watt lighting generates reading problems for customers Slow order completion process Average service time per customer is 25 minutes Use of bulb lighting creates loud environment Hot Coffee served remains hot for only 1 minute suggesting low temperature levels Use of wooden chairs and no sofa or couch available Changes to be made in flavors of Frappucino and Mocha (Paryani, 2012) Brown color in the logo suggests strength and conventionality and prevents uniqueness and connectivity Improve This stage evolves solutions to the problems. The focus is on the most innovative, easy and improved solution. By using the lean six-sigma process Starbucks has implemented the following improvements in order to enhance customer experience. Adoption of multiple line method to decrease the waiting time from 20 minutes to 5 minutes (Eroglu and Hofer, 2011) The coffee served is preserved at an average temperature of around 190F +/- 10F to ensure hotness of the coffee for around 15 to 20 minutes after it has been served The other eatable products should be packaged with a storage life of maximum 3 days to maintain the freshness of the products Starbucks should use florescent tubes of 500 watts in order to create a soothing internal atmosphere (Salah, Rahim and Carretero, 2010). Store interiors should be decorated with couches and sofas, inclusion of wifis, readable lamps on the top of corner seats and should use light shades for the interior colors Control This stage will devise monitoring steps in order to control the success of the implemented steps. Starbucks implemented the following control methods in order to control the customer experience process. Opening of more counters and employee more kitchen staffs in order to reduce waiting time (Ray and Das, 2010) The use of Bunn coffee machine to keep the coffee hot at the time of serving Using First in first out method to clear stock inventory of eatables like Blueberry muffin, Grilled cheese, egg salad sandwich so that freshness can be maintained Use of diagonal and aesthetic store layout and design evaluated by the retail store quality management team Constant upgrading of the color, interiors and store settings and size (Pezziardi, 2010) Conclusions and recommendations The assignment shows the application of the lean six-sigma methodology by Starbucks to increase the customer experience. However, the customers are of the opinion that although lean six-sigma has been successfully reduced the waiting time however, the staffs at Starbucks are in hurry to complete the order and hence are giving less time on customer service. 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